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Paul Roche,1 Jenean Spencer,1 Ming Lin,1 Heather Gidding,2 Martyn Kirk,3 Margo Eyeson-Annan,1 Alison Milton,1 David Witteveen,1 Angela Merianos1
Abstract | Author affiliations
Abstract | Author affiliations
With contributions from:
- Communicable Diseases Network Australia
- Australian Childhood Immunisation Register
- Australian Gonococcal Surveillance Programme
- Australian meningococcal Surveillance Programme
- Australian Sentinel Practice Research Network
- Australian Quarantine Inspection Service
- National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research
- National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance of Vaccine Preventable Diseases
- National Enteric Pathogens Surveillance Scheme
- National Rotavirus Research Centre
- Sentinel Chicken Surveillance Programme
- The National CJD Registry
- WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza
- Communicable Diseases Control Unit, ACT Department of Health and Community Care, ACT
- Communicable Diseases Surveillance and Control Unit, NSW Health Department, New South Wales
- Centre for Disease Control, Territory Health Services, Northern Territory
- Communicable Diseases Unit, Queensland Health, Queensland
- Communicable Diseases Control Branch, South Australian Health Commission, South Australia
- Communicable Diseases Surveillance, Department of Health and Human Services, Tasmania
- Communicable Diseases Section, Department of Human Services, Victoria
- Communicable Diseases Control Branch, Health Department of Western Australia, Western Australia
AbstractIn 1999 there were 88,239 notifications of communicable diseases in Australia reported to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). The number of notifications in 1999 was an increase of 3 per cent on notifications in 1998 (85,227) and the second largest reporting year since the NNDSS commenced in 1991. Notifications in 1999 consisted of 29,977 bloodborne infections (34% of total), 22,255 gastrointestinal infections (25%), 21,704 sexually transmitted infections (25%), 5,986 vector borne infections (7%), 5,228 vaccine preventable infections (6%), 1,967 (2%) other bacterial infections (legionella, meningococcal, leprosy and tuberculosis), 1,012 zoonotic infections (1%) and 3 quarantinable infections (0.003%). Notifications of bloodborne viral diseases particularly hepatitis B and hepatitis C and some sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhoea and chlamydia continue to increase in Australia. Steep declines in vaccine preventable diseases such as Haemophilus influenzae type b, measles, mumps and rubella continued in 1999. This report also summarises data on communicable diseases from other surveillance systems including the Laboratory Virology and Serology Surveillance Scheme (LabVISE) and sentinel general practitioner schemes. In addition this report comments on other important developments in communicable disease control in Australia in 1999. Commun Dis Intell 2001;25:190-245.
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Author affiliations1. Surveillance Section, Department of Health and Ageing, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory.
2. National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance of Vaccine Preventable Diseases, Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children, Westmead, New South Wales, 2124
3. Coordinating Epidemiologist, OzFoodNet, Australia New Zealand Food Authority and Department of Health and Ageing.
Corresponding author: Dr Paul Roche, Epidemiologist, Surveillance Section, Department of Health and Ageing, GPO Box 9848, Canberra, ACT 2601. Telephone: +61 2 6289 8152. Facsimile: +61 2 6289 7791. E-mail: email@example.com.
This article was published in Communicable Diseases Intelligence Volume 25, No 4, November 2001.
Communicable Diseases Surveillance
This issue - Vol 25, No 4, November 2001
NNDSS 1999 Annual Report
- Abstract and Authors
- Lists - Tables, Figures, Maps
- Statistical divisions
- 1999 review, Introduction, Methods, Notes
- Other surveillance reports
Communicable Diseases Intelligence