Austraumaplan: Final November 2011

Glossary/Definitions

Page last updated: 30 November 2011

Affected jurisdiction

A state or territory where a mass casualty incident has occurred (or is expected to occur).
AgencyA government or non-government agency.
All HazardsThis approach concerns arrangements for managing the large range of possible effects of risks and emergencies, as a large range of risks can cause similar problems and similar measures, such as warning, evacuation, medical services and community recovery, will be required during and following emergencies.
Australian Government Crisis Committee (AGCC)The primary forum for coordinating the Australian Government response to a major incident including consolidating information and coordinating information exchange, advising ministers and coordinating implementation of ministerial decisions and coordinating with states and territories to implement additional measures if needed
Australian Health Protection Committee (AHPC) Established in 2006 as the peak national health emergency management committee, with the authority to plan, prepare and coordinate the national health response to significant incidents.
Australian Medical Transport Coordination Group (AMTCG)AMTCG provides a national coordinated medical transport response as part of Australia’s casualty response system (including for approved foreign nationals).

AMTCG is convened and chaired by the Attorney-General’s Department Emergency management Australia (AGD EMA). Once convened, AGD EMA will coordinate all aero-Australian medical transportation of casualties with the support of the AMTCG.
CommandRefers to the direction of members and resources of an agency/organisation in the performance of the agency/organisation's roles and tasks. Authority to command is established by legislation or by agreement within the agency/organisation. Command relates to agencies/organisations only, and operates vertically within the agency/organisation.
Consequence ManagementMeasures taken to protect public health and safety, restore essential government services and provide emergency relief to governments, businesses and individuals affected.
ControlRefers to the overall direction of the activities, agencies or individuals concerned. Control operates horizontally across all agencies/organisations, functions and individuals. Situations or incidents are controlled. The Arrangements do not relate to the concept of control of the Australian Health sector, nor is it intended to direct or replace incident management arrangements by individual jurisdictions or health authorities.
CoordinationCoordination is the act of managing interdependencies between activities. In emergency management, Coordination involves the bringing together of many organisations to pursue a common goal and to share resources, information, expertise and decision making.
Crisis ManagementDeliberate and immediate management for whole-of-government consideration of policy, decision-making and coordination for the prevention and/or resolution of situations/incidents, in order to maintain national security and confidence in government. (Source: National Counter-Terrorism Plan).
Defence Aid to the Civilian Community (DACC) The provision of Defence resources for the performance of emergency or non-emergency support within Australia and its territories that are primarily the responsibility of the civil community or other government organisations. There are three primary DACC categories.

DACC Category 1 is assistance where immediate action is necessary to save human life, alleviate suffering, prevent extensive loss of animal life or prevent widespread loss of, or damage to, property in a localised emergency situation.

DACC Category 2 is assistance where action is necessary to save human life or alleviate suffering during a more extensive or continuing disaster following initial Category 1 assistance.

DACC Category 3 is assistance associated with recovery from an emergency or disaster, which is not directly related to the saving of life or property.
HazardA potential or existing condition that may cause harm to people or damage to property or the environment. (Source: Emergency Management Australia Glossary)
IncidentA localised event, either accidental or deliberate, which may result in death or injury, or damage to property, which requires a normal response from an agency or agencies.
Australian Government Crisis Coordination Centre (CCC)A dedicated facility provided by AGD EMA that will coordinate the non-health specific consequence management arrangements of the disaster. Tasking recommended by DoHA and the AHPC will be actioned by the CCC. The CCC will liaise through the state and territory emergency operations centres.
Liaison Officer (LO)A person, nominated or appointed by an organisation or functional area, to represent that organisation or functional area at a control centre, emergency operations centre, coordination centre or site control point. A liaison officer maintains communications with and conveys directions/requests to their organisation or functional area, and provides advice on the status, capabilities, actions and requirements of their organisation or functional area.
LogisticsThe range of operational activities concerned with supply, handling, transportation, and distribution of materials. Also applicable to the transportation and support of people.
Major Trauma Injury (MTI)Traumatic injury likely to require admission to an Australian Major Trauma Service. For simplicity, patients with less severe injuries resulting from an MCI may also be included when considering the availability of and need for resources.
Major Trauma Service (MTS)A health service designated by the local jurisdiction as appropriate to receive patients with major trauma injuries.
Mass Casualty Incident (MCI)An incident which results in a significant number of casualties. The absolute number of casualties may vary and due to combinations of geography and severity, an MCI by definition, has the potential to overwhelm local/regional response resources.
Mass Casualty Incident of National Consequence (MCINC)An MCI that requires consideration of national level policy, strategy and public messaging or inter-jurisdictional assistance, where such assistance is not covered by existing arrangements. It is expected that the National Incident Room (NIR) will be notified of a MCINC so that an AHPC meeting can be convened as required.

An MCI may transition into an MCINC when a jurisdiction’s response resources are overwhelmed (either immediately or over time) or the MCI has inherent complex political management implications such as the involvement of a large number of foreign nationals or complex logistical implications due to the geography of the incident location.
Medical Assessment Element A team which attends a Mass Casualty Incident as soon as possible to gather health and logistics intelligence and provides focused, timely and accurate communication back to jurisdictions.
National Crisis Committee (NCC)The primary forum for coordinating whole-of-government response to an incident of national significance including consolidation of information and coordination of information exchange, advice to ministers and coordination of ministerial decisions across the Federal, State and Territory governments.
National Critical Care and Trauma Response Centre (NCCTRC)Embedded within the Royal Darwin Hospital (RDH), the NCCTRC is a Commonwealth funded resource used to maintain RDH in a state of readiness to respond to major regional and overseas incidents involving mass casualties, particularly as a source of response teams or as a forward receiving hospital.
National Health Emergency Response Arrangements
(NatHealth Arrangements)
The principle response document of the AHPC that outlines the strategic authorities, responsibilities, arrangements and the mechanisms that enable a coordinated national health sector response to emergencies of national consequence.
National Incident Room
(NIR)
An operational response capability located within DoHA. The NIR acts a conduit for response and recovery operations within DoHA and between state and territory health authorities, other Commonwealth operations centres and the international health community.
Non Government Organisation (NGO)A voluntary organisation or any other private individual or body, other than a government agency.
PreparednessIn relation to an emergency, includes arrangements or plans to deal with an emergency or the effects of an emergency. (Source: Emergency Management Australia Glossary) This may include establishing the plans, training, exercises, and resources necessary to achieve readiness for all hazards, including a MCI from trauma.
PreventionIn relation to an emergency, includes the identification of hazards, the assessment of threats to life and property and the taking of measures to reduce potential loss to life or property.
RecoveryIn relation to an emergency, includes the process of returning an affected community to its proper level of functioning after an emergency. (Source: Emergency Management Australia Glossary)
In this document, refers to all types of emergency actions dedicated to the continued protection of the public or promoting the resumption of normal activities in the affected area.
ResponseIn relation to an emergency, includes the process of combating an emergency and of providing immediate relief for persons affected by an emergency. Executing the plan and resources identified to perform those duties and services to preserve and protect life and property.
RiskA concept used to describe the likelihood of harmful consequences arising from the interaction of hazards, communities and the environment.
Risk AssessmentThe process used to determine risk management priorities by evaluating and comparing the level of risk against predetermined standards, target risk levels or other criteria.
Risk ManagementThe systematic application of management policies, procedures and practices to the tasks of identifying, analysing, evaluating, treating and monitoring risk.
Standing Operating ProceduresInternal response procedures that document operational and administrative procedures to be followed during activation of this plan.
State/territory Control CentreA dedicated (health) control facility from which a state/territory response will be coordinated.
Supporting jurisdictionA state or territory able to provide support to an affected jurisdiction.
Triage The process by which casualties are sorted and prioritised according to their need for first-aid, resuscitation and emergency transport.