People living with psychotic illness 2010

Appendix 4. Mental health profile

Page last updated: November 2011

Appendix Table 4-1. ICD lifetime diagnosis

Males
Proportion (%)
Females
Proportion (%)
Age 18-34 years
Proportion (%)
Age 35-64 years
Proportion (%)
Persons
Proportion (%)
Schizophrenia
56.3
33.2
52.1
43.2
47.0
Schizoaffective disorder
14.4
18.4
16.3
15.9
16.1
Bipolar, mania
13.0
24.1
13.1
20.7
17.5
Depressive psychosis
3.0
6.5
3.9
4.8
4.4
Delusional and other non organic psychoses
6.0
3.7
5.3
4.8
5.0
Severe depression without psychosis
5.7
13.0
7.8
9.3
8.7
Other
1.6
1.1
1.6
1.2
1.4
Total respondents
1,087
738
773
1,052
1,825

Appendix Table 4-2. Age at onset

Age of onset (years)Males
Proportion (%)
Females
Proportion (%)
Age 18-34 years
Proportion (%)
Age 35-64 years
Proportion (%)
Persons
Proportion (%)
Under 15
4.0
7.9
7.1
4.5
5.6
15-19
35.9
30.8
48.6
22.9
33.8
20-24
27.0
22.9
29.8
22.1
25.4
25-29
14.8
12.6
11.0
16.1
13.9
30-34
8.3
10.7
3.0
13.9
9.3
35-39
3.4
6.2
-
7.9
4.5
40-44
2.4
4.1
-
5.3
3.1
45-49
2.1
2.6
-
4.0
2.3
50-54
0.6
1.6
-
1.8
1.0
55-59
0.4
0.4
-
0.7
0.4
60-64
0.3
-
-
0.3
0.2
Not available
0.7
0.3
0.5
0.6
0.5
Total respondents
1,087
738
773
1,052
1,825

Appendix Table 4-3. Course of disorder*

Males
Proportion (%)
Females
Proportion (%)
Age 18-34 years
Proportion (%)
Age 35-64 years
Proportion (%)
Persons
Proportion (%)
Single episode
7.9
8.3
11.8
5.3
8.1
Multiple episodes - good recovery in between
28.1
32.1
30.9
28.8
29.7
Multiple episodes - partial recovery in between
30.4
33.9
31.3
32.1
31.8
Continuous chronic illness
22.4
18.0
18.0
22.5
20.6
Continuous chronic illness with deterioration
11.3
7.7
8.0
11.2
9.9
Total (%)
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Total respondents
1,087
738
773
1,052
1,825

*See Glossary for definitions

Appendix Table 4-4. Lifetime symptom profile

Males
Proportion (%)
Females
Proportion (%)
Age 18-34 years
Proportion (%)
Age 35-64 years
Proportion (%)
Persons
Proportion (%)
Dysphoria, depressed mood
73.9
88.1
76.8
81.7
79.6
Loss of pleasure
66.6
81.3
68.6
75.5
72.5
Suicidal ideation
63.0
72.9
64.4
68.9
67.0
Elevated mood
28.5
43.9
32.7
36.2
34.7
Irritability
28.2
38.5
32.2
32.5
32.4
Poor concentration
58.8
77.1
63.1
68.4
66.2
Hallucinations (any form)
80.4
76.7
81.8
76.8
78.9
Subjective thought disorder
49.9
42.7
52.1
43.2
47.0
Passivity phenomena
19.2
17.2
20.6
16.8
18.4
Delusions
89.8
82.2
87.8
85.9
86.7
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Appendix Table 4-5. Current symptom profile

Males
Proportion (%)
Females
Proportion (%)
Age 18-34 years
Proportion (%)
Age 35-64 years
Proportion (%)
Persons
Proportion (%)
Dysphoria, depressed mood
24.4
29.4
26.6
26.2
26.4
Loss of pleasure
22.2
27.9
24.3
24.6
24.5
Suicidal ideation
10.2
13.4
12.4
10.8
11.5
Elevated mood
3.4
7.2
5.6
4.5
4.9
Irritability
5.5
8.4
7.2
6.3
6.7
Poor concentration
20.2
28.0
22.6
24.0
23.4
Hallucinations (any form)
39.9
34.0
38.6
36.8
37.5
Subjective thought disorder
24.4
19.5
24.3
21.0
22.4
Passivity phenomena
6.2
4.7
6.7
4.8
5.6
Delusions
45.4
35.4
42.0
40.8
41.3

Appendix Table 4-6. Anxiety in past year

Males
Proportion (%)
Females
Proportion (%)
Age 18-34 years
Proportion (%)
Age 35-64 years
Proportion (%)
Persons
Proportion (%)
Worrying (moderate-severe)
35.4
52.8
36.2
47.1
42.5
Any symptoms of anxiety or phobia
52.4
70.7
58.0
61.2
59.8
Anxiety
40.7
60.4
47.6
49.4
48.7
Phobia
29.3
44.3
31.8
37.9
35.3
Social phobia
39.3
46.5
40.4
43.5
42.2

Appendix Table 4-7. Negative symptoms* in past year

Males
Proportion (%)
Females
Proportion (%)
Age 18-34 years
Proportion (%)
Age 35-64 years
Proportion (%)
Persons
Proportion (%)
Dysfunction in overall socialising
64.8
61.0
59.0
66.3
63.2
Diminished sense of purpose
56.2
45.8
49.8
53.6
52.0
Loss of interest
51.4
52.2
52.1
51.4
51.7
Diminished emotional range
53.6
48.5
49.7
52.9
51.6
Restricted affect
47.3
38.2
44.2
43.2
43.6
Poverty of speech
22.1
14.2
19.4
18.6
19.0

*As attribution data were not collected, it is impossible to determine if symptoms are primary or secondary psychosis.

Appendix Table 4-8. Obsessions and compulsions in past year

Males
Proportion (%)
Females
Proportion (%)
Age 18-34 years
Proportion (%)
Age 35-64 years
Proportion (%)
Persons
Proportion (%)
At least one obsession/compulsion
25.4
31.8
27.3
28.5
28.0
Obsessional checking and repeating
19.2
24.8
20.1
22.5
21.5
Obsessional actions associated with excessive orderliness
10.4
12.6
10.1
12.2
11.3
Obsessional actions associated with cleanliness
5.1
8.4
6.3
6.5
6.4